What is the difference between a non-profit NPO and a non-governmental organization NGO?

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Whether it’s a natural wildlife conservation group or a charity’s humanitarian relief organization, it’s almost always confused by the non-profit organization (Non-Profit Organization) and the non-government organization (Non-Government Organization). . But have you thought that these seemingly indifferent organizations have to be divided into two categories?

Non-Profit Organization (NPO) is a non-profit organization or group whose core goal is usually to support or address issues of personal concern or public concern or The event covers a wide range of fields, including art, charity, education, politics, public policy, religion, academics, environmental protection, etc., mainly serving as a gap between social needs and government supply. For example, the Republic of China Red Cross, the Tzu Chi Foundation and the World Health Organization belong to this category.

Non-Government Organization (NGO; French:Organisation Non Gouvernementale, ONG) refers to an organization that does not belong to any government and is not established by any country, and is usually independent of the national government. Although it is defined to include for-profit businesses, the term is generally limited to non-commercial, legal, sociocultural and environmentally relevant advocacy groups. Mainly like the United Nations or an authoritative NGO-related group appointed by the United Nations.

Non-profit organizations are also known as the “third sector” (the third sector), with the government sector (the first sector) and the private sector (the second sector) of the business community, forming a third major force affecting society. .

However, it is not important to define the name of a non-profit organization or a non-governmental organization. This is only for the convenience of the government in regulatory management. For example, there are no non-profit organizations in the UK, but collectively referred to as charitable organizations, with special legal management. In addition, the name of “non-governmental organizations” is abused because it covers all non-governmental organizations. Some NGOs prefer to use the name of “Private voluntary organization” (PVO). All in all, charity is a group that is more important than how to define it.

In The topic of NGOs, development and capacity building, in this book, has cited scholar David Lewis in “The Management of Non-Governmental Development Organizations: An Introduction , NGOs and non-profit organizations are actually parallel universes, each with its own focus and characteristics, including:

  1. In terms of service delivery: NGOs focus on development and rescue efforts; non-profit organizations focus on the operation and management of welfare organizations.
  2. In terms of research orientation: NGO research usually considers NGOs as a part of promoting social development with governments and businesses in an integrated approach; non-profit organizations view their own sectors For a special field of study.
  3. In terms of the domain of noun use: Southern countries, poor countries, developing countries are accustomed to using non-governmental organizations; northern countries and developed countries usually use non-profit organizations.

In fact, charities are a type of non-profit organization, while non-government organizations may also be non-profit organizations, but religious charities are rarely referred to as non-governmental organizations because at least some of their funds are derived from private donations. In fact, in an economic study, it was pointed out that the three most profitable industries in the world are Wall Street, charitable organizations and technology.

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